Vietnamese Customs have powers to monitor counterfeit or pirated goods. They may act against both imports and exports.
There is now a formal customs recordal system, allowing IP rights owners to register their marks with Customs.
Unfair competition relating to IP is governed mainly by Vietnam’s Competition Law of 2005, although the IP law does include some general provisions on unfair competition. The procedures for handling unfair competition relating to IP are quite complicated and largely untried.